Living in the EU after the UK leaves the EU
During the Implementation Period, free movement rights will continue to apply to you as a UK national. This means that you will be able to live in an EU country. If you are legally resident in the EU by the end of this period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and will be able to continue living in your EU country of residence, enjoying broadly the same rights to healthcare, benefits and pensions as at present.
Moving to another EU Member State after the UK leaves the EU
During the Implementation Period, as a UK national you will continue to be able to move to another EU country. If the EU country where you live requires you to apply for a residence status, you will have until at least June 2021 to make that application.
The rules that will apply for you if you’re not included in the Withdrawal Agreement, if you move to the UK or EU after 31 December 2020, will depend on the outcome of the negotiations. The Prime Minister has been clear that UK nationals will still want to work and study in EU countries – just as EU citizens will want to do the same here, helping to shape and drive growth, innovation and enterprise.
Businesses across the EU and the UK must be able to attract and employ the people they need and we are open to discussing how to facilitate these valuable links. We will set out initial proposals for our future immigration arrangements with the EU in due course.
Working in the EU after the UK leaves the EU
During the Implementation Period, as a UK nationals you will enjoy the same rights to work in an EU Member State as at present.
If you are legally resident in the EU by the end of this period you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and will be able to continue living and working in your EU country of residence broadly as at present.
After the end of the Implementation Period, future arrangements if you are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be determined by the negotiations on the UK-EU future partnership.
Receiving an uprated UK state pension in the EU after the UK leaves the EU
During the Implementation Period, the current framework of EU rules and regulations will apply. This includes social security coordination rules and the right to an uprated state pension.
We have now confirmed who will be in scope of the Withdrawal Agreement for social security coordination purposes. As a UK nationals living in an EU country by the end of the implementation period, if you remain in the scope of the Agreement, you will:
• maintain the right to export an uprated UK state pension
• receive associated reciprocal healthcare cover in the EU
The UK State Pension is payable worldwide under domestic legislation.
Access to healthcare in the EU after the UK leaves the EU
During the Implementation Period the current framework of EU rules and regulations will apply.
As long as you remain in scope of the Withdrawal Agreement, your equal treatment rights to healthcare in your Member State of residence will be protected after the end of the implementation period (on the same basis as a comparable national of your EU country of residence).
Travelling to the UK
You and your family members (both EU citizens and in some cases non-EU citizens) will be able to travel to the UK as now until 31 December 2020. After that date, UK Immigration Rules will apply where a family member is not a UK national. We will be setting out initial proposals for our future immigration arrangements in due course. The UK’s departure from the EU does not change nationality law and therefore the processes for registering children and applying for British passports remain the same. As a UK national you can travel to the UK at any time, including after 31 December 2020.
Brexit will not change existing double taxation arrangements. Double taxation agreements ensure that anyone (not just a British citizen) who is living in a country that has a treaty with the UK will not pay tax in 2 countries on the same income/gain and determines which country has primary taxing rights. The UK has a double taxation agreement with all EU countries, which will continue to apply after we leave the EU.
Voting in UK elections whilst living overseas
As a UK national living overseas, you are entitled to register to vote in UK Parliamentary elections as overseas voters for up to 15 years after you were last registered to vote in the UK.
For voting in local election in EU countries, the UK is seeking bilateral arrangements with individual member states. These would preserve reciprocal voting rights for both UK nationals living in the EU and EU citizens in the UK.